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Palestine-Israel Conflict Impacts Internet Access

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Hanna Kreitem
Disruptions Observer, Internet Society
Categories:
Shutdown
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October 10, 2023

On 7 October 2023, militants from Hamas broke through the border wall between the Gaza Strip and southern Israel initiating large-scale attacks in the region. Israel initiated retaliation by bombing the Gaza Strip and, as the de facto controller of the area, cutting off electricity and water.

As per Cloudflare Radar and IODA, the retaliation has impacted Internet access in the region (Figure 1 and 2) with multiple networks operating in Gaza showing a drop in traffic that amounts to a full Internet outage.

Graph showing Internet traffic trends in Palestine from 3 to 10 October.
Figure 1 — Internet traffic trends in Palestine from 3 to 10 October. Source Cloudflare Radar.
Graph showing Internet connectivity for Palestinian Territories from 3 to 10 October
Figure 2 — Internet connectivity for Palestinian Territories from 3 to 10 October. Source IODA.

There are 51 Autonomous Systems, or networks, operating in Palestine, of which 15 are operating exclusively from Gaza. As per below, four networks, AS42314 (Fusion), AS199046 (Jetnet), AS44213 (NewStarMAX), and AS57704 (Speed Click) have experienced varying degrees of network interruptions in traffic volume and connectivity.

Graph showing Internet traffic trends for AS42314 from 3 to 10 October.
Figure 3 — Internet traffic trends for AS42314 from 3 to 10 October. Source Cloudflare Radar.
Graph showing BGP connectivity for AS42314 from 3 to 10 October.
Figure 4 — BGP connectivity for AS42314 from 3 to 10 October. Source IODA.
Graph showing Internet traffic trends for AS199046 from 3 to 10 October.
Figure 5 — Internet traffic trends for AS199046 from 3 to 10 October. Source Cloudflare Radar.
Graph showing BGP connectivity for AS199046 from 3 to 10 October
Figure 6 — BGP connectivity for AS199046 from 3 to 10 October. Source IODA.
Graph showing Internet traffic trends for AS44213 from 3 to 10 October
Figure 7 — Internet traffic trends for AS44213 from 3 to 10 October. Source Cloudflare Radar.
Graph showing BGP connectivity for AS44213 from 3 to 10 October
Figure 8 — BGP connectivity for AS44213 from 3 to 10 October. Source IODA.
Graph showing Internet traffic trends for AS57704 from 3 to 10 October.
Figure 9 — Internet traffic trends for AS57704 from 3 to 10 October. Source Cloudflare Radar.
Graph showing BGP connectivity for AS57704 from 3 to 10 October.
Figure 10 — BGP connectivity for AS57704 from 3 to 10 October. Source IODA.

As we have stated before on Pulse, critical Internet infrastructure plays a key role in keeping people connected during crises, providing access to all kinds of crucial information and support, and helping people stay in contact with loved ones across borders. Internet infrastructure should be protected during times of conflict.

See also our incident page about the shutdown in Gaza.