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Bangladesh, Türkiye Domains Secured

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Mat Ford
Technology Insights, Internet Society
Categories:
Countries, Technology
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July 14, 2023

In the second quarter of 2023, two more countries have joined the ranks of those with secured country-code Top Level Domains (ccTLD) and security keys deployed in the DNS root zone.

Just about every Internet communication starts with a Domain Name System (DNS) lookup. The DNS is an essential part of the Internet infrastructure that translates human-friendly names (internetsociety.org) into computer-friendly numbers (2001:41c8:20::b31a).

Like many other components of the Internet, the DNS started out in an insecure form in a vastly different Internet landscape. Today, security and trustworthiness are vital foundations for the ongoing evolution and growth of a robust Internet that benefits users everywhere. DNS Security Extensions (DNSSEC) were developed to provide an additional level of security using cryptographic techniques to validate the authenticity of DNS information.

To date, 153 countries have DNSSEC-enabled ccTLDs with Bangladesh (.bd) and Türkiye (.tr) joining this group in the second quarter of 2023. It’s also notable that domains for Kenya (.ke), Zambia (.zm), and Madagascar (.mg) are all secured again after prolonged outages.

Signing the domain and installing security keys in the root zone of the DNS is only a first step to more widespread DNSSEC deployment, but it’s an important one. Incentivizing, registrants to sign their domains is also key, as is encouraging ISPs to enable DNSSEC validation in the recursive resolvers they provide to their subscribers.

You can continue to observe the steady increase in ccTLD DNSSEC adoption and the adoption of DNSSEC validation via our Pulse Enabling Technologies page.

Graph showing the prercentage of ccTLD regitries with operational DNSSEC

What is the DNS?

Just about every Internet communication starts with a Domain Name System (DNS) lookup. The DNS is an essential piece of Internet infrastructure that translates human-friendly names (internetsociety.org) into computer-friendly numbers (2001:41c8:20::b31a). Like many other components of the Internet, the DNS started out without any security features in a vastly different Internet landscape. Today, security and trustworthiness are vital foundations for the ongoing evolution and growth of a robust Internet that benefits users everywhere. DNS Security Extensions (DNSSEC) was developed to provide an additional level of security using cryptographic techniques to validate the authenticity of DNS information.